Scientific Name: Brachiaria
What is brown top millet?
Browntop millet is one of rarest millets now. It is gluten-free, has low GI and so its consumption reduces cholesterol. It is rich in fibre, iron, calcium, magnesium and many minerals and is gluten-free. It is good to begin eating millets with browntop, as it has rich fibre and mineral content.
Other names for the species
Brown top millet, which goes by the scientific name Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf. or Urochloa ramosa (L.) R.D. Webster, is known locally as pedda-sama and korne, and has a limited cultivation largely confined to sBrown top millet, which goes by the scientific name Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf. or Urochloa ramosa (L.) R.D. Webster, is known locally as pedda-sama and korne, and has a limited cultivation largely confined to southern India.
Browntop millet or signalgrass as it is commonly called, is one of the rarest among millets. Being native to India, it grows well in the dryland tracts of Karnataka-Andhra Pradesh border areas, covering regions of Tumkur,Chitradurga and Chikkaballapura districts in Karnataka and Ananthpur district in Andhra Pradesh. Millets, a staple food in Karnataka, is making a comeback. Farmers are reviving cultivation of brown top millet, a minor millet which can be grown on degraded soils with very little water. Besides being an answer to climate change crisis, brown top millet with its high nutrition content could also be an answer to deal with malnutrition among the rural poor and lifestyle diseases among the urban and semiurban India.
Browntop millet or signalgrass as it is commonly called, is one of the rarest among millets. Being native to India, it grows well in the dryland tracts of Karnataka-Andhra Pradesh border areas, covering regions of Tumkur,Chitradurga and Chikkaballapura districts in Karnataka and Ananthpur district in Andhra Pradesh.
Termed Korale in Kannada and Andakorra in Telugu, Brown top millet is also grown and consumed in limited quantities in north central India – the region commonly referred to as Bundelkhand.
Browntop millet is drought hardy and heat tolerant, but can also be planted in low areas that get flooded. The shadow tolerant nature of Korale makes it distinct from other crops. The shade loving crop grows well even under tamarind trees.Thus, the practice of farmers growing browntop millet under the tamarind tree shade is still prevalent in places like Pavagada, Madhugiri and Sira in Karnataka. In these regions, millets form the staple diet of the people. The crop survives under arid conditions and has the potential to spread widely because of its rich nutritional value as well as its ability to adapt to climate change.
It is planted in mid-April until mid-August in most locations, though later plantings will result in lower yields. It can be planted either as a sole crop or in combination with other seasonal crops. It is also an excellent choice when combined with other millets. In fact, redgram is grown as a mixed crop – for every 12 rows of browntop millet.
Browntop millet is remarkable for its early maturing ability. The crop is harvested in 75 to 80 days. Some farmers growit for fodder purpose only and harvest within 50 days. Because of its very short maturity, it can be planted as late as August and still offers ample supply of grains. It survives even if monsoon is delayed. It requires a little bit of moisture during sowing and one or two rains later, for the crop to grow and mature. Even with broadcasting method, the crop yields about 7 to 8 quintal grains per acre and four tractor loads of good quality fodder which cattle relish.
Brown Top Millet tips for growing
Following is it general care taken during the farming and cultivation of Brown Top Millets –
- This millet is planted from mid-April until mid-August in most of the locations. If planted later then, there is a chance of getting a lower yield.
- Use traditional drillers to plant the seeds one inch below the topsoil layer, which is recommended for a better yield.
- The seeds should be covered with a firm layer of soil, which is half an inch thick.
- The seeds start germinating within five days under ideal conditions, and the forage is ready for harvest within two months.
- Fertilizers with phosphorus and nitrogen help in increasing forage productivity.
Nutritional Info Andu Korralu – Brown Top Millet
Serving Size :
Health benefits of Browntop Millet
Browntop millet eases constipation and helps in detoxifying the body. It helps to control high blood pressure and acts as a probiotic for respiratory disorders. It is also recommended for skin and arthritis problems. Highly recommended in cases of gastric ulcers and colon cancer Compared with other grains, browntop millet has high nutritional value. It is rich in fibre, iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium and many other important minerals. Browntop millet eases constipation and helps in detoxifying the body
Health Benefits of Brown Top Millet
Brown top millet is a great substitute for rice as it keeps you satiated and delays the gastric emptying time, thereby serving as a perfect grain for all diabetic patients. Being low in glycaemic index and carbs brown top millet prevents unwanted hunger pangs and avoid a sudden spike in sugar levels. Add this tiny grain to the daily diet to stabilize blood sugars, control HbA1C and promote insulin sensitivity
Good gut health is an indication of overall well-being and robust immune health. Brown top millet being gluten-free is a great alternative for those suffering from celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome. It strengthens the digestibility and absorption of starch in the body and reduces bloating and cramping. Aside from this, help alleviate constipation by regularising bowel movements.
Augments Cardiac Health:
Millets are famed for optimising heart health and lowering the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Being imbued with protein, dietary fibre and low on carbs these tiny wonders diminish bad LDL cholesterol, avert the build-up of clots in the arteries besides improving heart functions. Consume it daily to shield the heart from ailments.
Blessed with an impressive source of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium brown top millet plays a key role in strengthening bones and muscles. Include Brown top millet in your regular meal plan to meet the demands of calcium and phosphorus for fighting brittle bones, fractures, inflammation and averting the risk of developing osteoporosis and other debilitating bone disorders.
Supports Weight Loss:
Millets are boon for all fitness enthusiasts who are wanting to shed those extra kilos. Adding Brown top millet flour in the meal plan can help in lowering the BMI and burning fat. Substituting rice with millets daily can reduce the accumulation of fat, improve the gut microbiome, and attain your weight loss goals.
Uses of Brown Top Millet:
Brown top millet was used widely to make traditional sweets, but nowadays with the advancement of technology, they are used for making ready to eat products, breakfast cereals, healthy snacks, and snack bars. Furthermore, they are also used for making value-added products including gun puffing, hot and cold mixing, baking and instant mixes with the application of conventional food technologies.
Brown top millet is a nourishing and energising food that confers a plethora of nutrients for optimising overall wellness. Adding this millet is a perfect solution to prevent lifestyle disorders such as diabetes, arthritis, obesity, and heart diseaseHow do you eat brown top millet?
How to eat brown top millet
Browntop millet is tasty when combined with sweet ingredients such as jaggery for making traditional sweets. The application of Browntop millet is at present limited to sweets, but it can be used for healthy snacks, snack bars, ready to eat products, and breakfast cereals
Does millet need to be soaked?
Soaking the millets overnight ensures that you break down the phytic acid in them. Phytic acid impairs the absorption of the good guys — minerals like iron, zinc and calcium and makes the digesting millets much easier on your tummy. So don’t forget to soak millets overnight
“Millets are advised in moderate amounts because excessive consumption can lead to adverse effects as the cereals contain substances that interfere with the functioning of the thyroid gland. Millets can cause delayed digestion due to their slow digestibility as they are high in fibre
Browntop Millet Porridge
- ½ cup browntop millet (soaked overnight)
- ½ cup moong dal (yellow lentil soaked overnight)
- 1 onion, finely chopped
- 1 tomato finely chopped
- ½ cup steamed pumpkin
- ½ cup chopped cluster beans
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds (jeera)
- ¼ tsp methi seeds (fenugreek seeds)
- ¼ tsp asafoetida (heeng)
- ½ tsp Kashmiri red chili powder
- ½ tsp turmeric powder
- 1 tsp cow ghee
- 3 cups water
- Rock salt to taste
- Measure millet and lentil and wash and soak them separately for 6-8 hours or overnight. Please note soaking helps to remove phylates, oxalates and goitrogens from the grains.
- In a deep pan, add cow ghee and allow it to warm up. Add asafoetida, cumin seeds, fenugreek seeds and as they splutter, add chopped onion. Saute until they are soft and translucent.
- Add chopped tomatoes, steamed pumpkin chunks, chopped cluster beans followed by rock salt and turmeric. Cook them covered until soft.
- At this stage, you can add washed and drained browntop millet and moong dal followed by red chilli powder. Continue to saute for another 2-3 minutes till the spices mix with the grains.
- Add 3 cups of water, mix and cover it on low flame and cook till the grains are tender and mashable. It will take around 12-15 minutes. Once done, turn off the heat. Allow it rest for minimum 30 minutes.
- After 30 minutes, give your browntop millet khichdi a good stir. Check for salt and adjust spices as per your taste.
- Serve with a little more ghee on top. Pair it with any pickle, chutney, papadums or just plain yogurt.
I clubbed my khichdi with Sindhi style bitter gourd. It’s called ‘Karela Tamate Wara‘. For this dish, just peel bitter gourd, split open them and marinate with rock salt to allow the bitter juices be released. After a while, squeeze out extra water and shallow-fry or air-fry them. Cook these fried bitter gourds with tomatoes and spices until tender.
Health benefits of Browntop Millet
Compared with other grains, browntop millet has high nutritional value. It is rich in fibre, iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium and many other important minerals. Browntop millet eases constipation and helps in detoxifying the body. It helps to control high blood pressure and acts as a probiotic for respiratory disorders. It is also recommended for skin and arthritis problems. Highly recommended in cases of gastric ulcers and colon cancer.